What Is Anti-Doping?
What Is Doping?
Doping is the use of prohibited substances or prohibited methods to enhance athletes' performance, and concealing or attempting to conceal such use. There is a wide range of performance-enhancing substances and methods, and in line with scientific advancements, they are becoming increasingly diversified, sophisticated and ingenious.
Why Is Doping Wrong?
The concepts of self-achievement, fair play and teamwork are an integral part of sport, and these values constitute a major part of the fascination and attraction of sport for many people. However, doping causes immeasurable damage to the values, integrity and attraction of sport.
In addition, taking substances and methods that have been originally developed for entirely different purposes can pose major health risks.
Finally, doping is an anti-social act that betrays the trust of the spectators and sponsors who have supported an athlete, and when that athlete is competing on behalf of his/her country, it betrays a nation's hopes. In recent times, institutional doping has become a major issue which has transcended the confines of the sporting world, and has led to a massive loss of public trust in the integrity of sport.
What Is Anti-Doping?
Anti-doping constitutes a range of activities aimed at eliminating doping in sport as well as protecting clean athletes and the integrity and values of sport. To this end, it is the duty of all related personnel, not only the athletes, to concern themselves with and promote anti-doping activities.
In 1999, the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) was established to promote international anti-doping activities in all sports, and later the World Anti-Doping Code was published as a set of universal rules of the international sports community. Anti-doping activities take place around the world under the Code.
The World Anti-Doping Code defines the following ten anti-doping rule violations:
- Presence of a prohibited substance or its metabolites or markers in an athlete's sample
- Use or attempted use by an athlete of a prohibited substance or a prohibited method
- Evading, refusing or failing to submit to sample collection
- Tampering or attempted tampering with any part of doping control
- Failure to notify whereabouts for out-of-competition testing
- Possession of any prohibited substance or a prohibited method
- Trafficking or attempted trafficking in any prohibited substance or prohibited method
- Administration or attempted administration to any athlete of any prohibited substance or prohibited method
- Assisting, encouraging, aiding, abetting, conspiring, covering up or any other type of intentional complicity involving an anti-doping rule violation
- Association in a professional or sport-related capacity with a person who has been involved in an anti-doping rule violation
The prohibited substances and prohibited methods are identified in the Prohibited List, which is published by WADA. This list forms one of the five International Standards, and is applicable to all countries and all sports. The list is updated at least once a year (published every year on 1 January).
The substances identified in the Prohibited List may include medicines that can be purchased over-the-counter at a pharmacy, medicines prescribed by a hospital, health supplements and other substances.
It is always the individual athlete who is responsible for all substances ingested into his/her body. In order to provide accurate information on medicines, a number of provisions have been put in place for athletes, including a Sports Pharmacist System and the Global Drug Reference Online (Global DRO).
What To Do If You Discover That an Athlete Is Taking a Banned Substance
Please report the matter to a specialist agency or organisation.